George Thomas Rayner

This page attempts to set out the key events of George Thomas Rayner’s life, with detailed references. His brother, Sidney Frank Rayner, is also listed on the roll, sadly among those who did not survive. See the bottom of the page for automatically generated links to blog posts which refer to this page.

Personal life

Born: 12 December 1880 At: Sutton, Surrey
Birth registered: 1st quarter 1881 Epsom Registration District
Married: Before 30 December 1916 At: ?
Marriage registered: 4th quarter 1916 Woolwich Registration District
Married: Ethel May Galton
Birth of child registered: 1st quarter 1921 (9 January 1921) Epsom Registration District
Child: Sidney George Rayner
Birth of child registered: 4th quarter 1922 Epsom Registration District
Child: Gladys J Rayner
Died: Before 30 December 1957 At: Poole?
Death registered: 4th quarter 1957 Poole Registration District
Aged: 76

Ringing

Learnt to ring: Benhilton, Surrey? c1906 Association membership: Surrey Association Elected: c1906
Peals: At least 7

Work

Occupation (1901): Grocer’s porter
Occupation (1911): Grocer’s porter

War service

Service: Army Rank: Private Enlisted: Before 23 October 1918
Corps: Royal Fusiliers Subunit: ? Number: GS/80946 Date:
Posted 7th Battalion On 23 October 1918
Campaign medals: British War Medal and Victory Medal

Life events

Date Modifier Date Event Description/Notes Sources
On 7 June 1880 Parents’ marriage Thomas Rayner and Rhoda Miller married at Godstone Parish Church on 7 June 1880. The marriage was registered 2nd quarter 1880, Godstone Registration District, Surrey. Thomas was 25, Rhoda 32. Thomas’s occupation is given as cab driver, but his address at the time of the marriage is unfortunately unreadable on the certificate, except that it was in St Saviour’s Parish – this would often imply Southwark, but the other word does not resemble that at all. His father was a coachman. Rhoda was living in Godstone, her father was a labourer. FreeBMD1; FreeBMD2; SurreyParish1
On 12 December 1880 Birth Just over six months after his parents’ marriage, George Thomas Rayner was born in Sutton, Surrey on 12 December 1880. The birth was registered 1st quarter 1881, Epsom Registration District. He was baptised at Beddington on 3 April 1881 (coincidentally the day the 1881 census was taken). FreeBMD3; EWParishTranscript1; Census1881
On 3 April 1881 Census George Thomas Rayner, listed as 4 months old though that contradicts the information in his baptismal register entry, was living with his parents Thomas (26) a grocer’s assistant, and Rhoda (33) at 4 Claremont Terrace, Lind Road, Sutton Census1881
On 30 August 1882 Birth of Brother Henry William Rayner, born Sutton, Surrey, registered 4th quarter 1882, Epsom Registration District. According to a transcript of the baptismal register he was born on 30 August and baptised on 3 December 1882. FreeBMD4; EWParishTranscript2; Census1891
Before 30 December 1884 Birth of brother Sidney Frank Rayner, born Sutton, Surrey, registered 4th quarter 1884, Epsom Registration District. Forename given as Sydney in some sources throughout his life. No baptismal record has been traced, even in transcript form. His age at death on 10 November 1918 is given as 34, so he must have been born before 10 November 1884 FreeBMD5; Census1891; FreeBMD12; CWGC
On 5 April 1891 Census By 1891 George Thomas Rayner (10), scholar was living with his parents Thomas (37), general labourer and Rhoda (42) at 6 Elm Grove, Sutton. Also present were his brothers Henry William (8), scholar and Sydney [sic] Frank (6), scholar. Census1891
On 31 March 1901 Census In 1901 the family were still living at 6 Elm Grove. George Thomas (20) was now a grocer’s porter. He was living with his parents, Thomas (45) cab driver, and Rhoda (52). Also in the house were his brothers: Henry William (18) also a grocer’s porter and Sidney Frank (16), a stationer’s porter. Census1901
On 7 February 1906 Peal Sidney rang the treble to a peal of Grandsire Triples at Carshalton, George rang the third. It was the first for both the Rayner brothers. Also marked as the first peal for H Rayner, presumably Henry William Rayner. John Webb rang the second, his first peal as conductor. BN1
Before 30 September 1907 Marriage of brother William Henry Rayner married Beatrice Shiner, the marriage was registered in the 3rd quarter 1907 in the Steyning Registration District, Sussex. FreeBMD6; FreeBMD7; Census1911
On 29 May 1910 Quarter peal Sidney rang the third while George rank the fifth to a quarter peal of Grandsire Triples at Benhilton on 29 May 1910. John Webb rang the sixth. BN2
On 2 April 1911 Census George Thomas Rayner (30) a grocer’s porter, was living with his parents, Thomas (55) cab drive, and Rhoda (63), who had been married for 30 years and three children, all living. Also in the household was Sidney Frank Rayner (26) now also a grocer’s porter. Henry William (28) man servant, was living with his wife Beatrice (26, born St Botolph, Brumber, Sussex), cook domestic in the household of the Hoskyns-Abrahamhall family, Rubers Law, West Byfleet, Surrey. Also in the household were two sons of the owner, Antony Leigh Egerton Hoskyns-Abrahall (7) and Andrew John Chandos Hoskyns-Abrahall (5), but neither the owner or his wife were present on census night; however, there was also a nurse domestic, Mary Haltley (73) and Edith Emily Kenninson (15) a nursemaid. Census1911; Census1911-2
On 23 April 1911 Quarter peal George rang the third to a quarter peal of Grandsire Triples for St George’s Day at Carshalton. This also marked the birthday of local ringer G W Heather who was ringing the second. RW1
On 31 March 1912 Quarter peal Sidney rang the treble and George the second to a quarter peal of Plain Bob Major at Benhilton in the evening of Sunday 31 March 1912. John Webb rang the fourth. The quarter peal marked the 14th wedding anniversary of F Ford, who was ringing the fifth. RW2
On 20 November 1912 Peal George rang the treble to a peal of Oxford Bob Triples at Benhilton on Wednesday 20 November 1912. It is noted as the quickest peal on the bells. Conducted by John Webb on the seventh. It is the first peal found for George, though it is not noted as such RW3; BN3
On 2 March 1913 Quarter peal Sidney rang the second and George the tenor to a quarter peal of Grandsire Triples at Benhilton, with John Webb conducting from the seventh. RW4
On 13 April 1913 Quarter peal Sidney rang the second, and George the sixth, to a quarter of Oxford Bob Triples at Benhilton on 13 April 1913. John Webb again conducted from the seventh. RW5
On 29 March 1914 Quarter peal Sidney rang the second and George the tenor to a quarter peal of Grandsire Triples for morning service at Benhilton on Sunday 29 March 1914. John Webb conducted from the fifth. BN4
On 2 November 1914 Quarter peal George rang the third to a half-muffled quarter peal of Grandsire Triples for at Benhilton on Sunday 29 March 1914. It was dedicated to those who had died in the war. John Webb conducted from the fifth. BN5
On 1 December 1914 Peal George rang the fifth to a peal of Grandsire Triples at Benhilton on 1 December 1914. John Webb rang the sixth, and J Howard R Freeborn, who is not listed on the original roll but did serve in the war, rang the seventh. In fact, the peal was originally published listing Sydney[sic] Rayner, but it was corrected the following week. RW6; RW7
Before 30 December 1914 Marriage of brother Sidney Frank Rayner married Ethel M West, the marriage was registered in the 4th quarter 1914 in the Kingston Registration District. FreeBMD8; FreeBMD9
After 1 January 1916 Brother posted overseas At some point after 1 January 1916, Sidney was posted overseas with the East Surrey Regiment (he was eligible only for the British War Medal and Victory Medal, not the 1914-15 Star or 1914 Star that he would have received if he had gone overseas before that date). Unfortunately no service record has been found, nor an entry in the Surrey Recruitment Registers, so his original enlistment date is not known. Neither does the medal roll indicate which battalion of the East Surrey Regiment he served with. He subsequently transferred to the Labour Corps (again no date is known) which suggests he was medically downgraded for some reason, possibly wound or sickness. MIC1; MedalRoll1
Before 30 December 1916 Marriage The marriage of George Thomas Rayner and Ethel May Galton was registered in the Woolwich Registration District in the 4th quarter 1916. As yet no further details of the wedding have been found. However, a photograph of Ethel can be found on a family history website. FreeBMD10; FreeBMD11
On 23 October 1918 Posted On 23 October 1918 George was probably posted to 7th Battalion, Royal Fusiliers in France. The medal cards and roll list only one George Rayner who served with the Royal Fusiliers, which is the regiment given on the roll of honour, but there is no direct evidence to confirm the connection between the George Rayner in official records and this George Thomas Rayner as no service record or Recruitment Register entry has been found. 7th Battalion was part of 190th Brigade in 63rd Division (this was originally a Royal Navy formation but had been absorbed by the army in 1916, though there was still a proportion of Royal Marines and RNVR personnel). Between 5-7 November 1918 the division participated in the passage of the Grand Honelle, part of the Final Advance in Picardy. The war diary mentions two officers joining the battalion on 24 October, but there is no mention of a draft of men until 21 November (so it is possible George didn’t join until then), after the Armistice on the 11th. On that day the battalion witnessed the capture of a German artillery battery by cavalry at 10:55, just after the last shells fell nearby. The Armistice was said to “received with great jubilation by all ranks”. At the time of the Armistice the battalion was in Harvengt (now Harveng), Belgium. They remained there until 26 November when they marched to Athis, arriving about 1300 MIC2; MedalRoll2; WarDiary
On 10 November 1918 Death of brother Sidney Frank Rayner died on 10 November 1918. He was then serving with No 437 Agricultural Company, Labour Corps, which was based at Maidstone. The roll of honour lists him as killed, while Soldiers Died in the Great War lists him as “died”. The cemetery registers of the Commonwealth War Graves Commission do not give a cause of death. It seems likely that he died in some sort of accident while working with the agricultural company, but there is no definite proof of this. His death was registered in the Malling Registration District, Kent in the 4th quarter 1918. FreeBMD12; CWGC; SDGW
On 26 November 1918 Posted On 26 November the battalion marched to Athis, arriving about 1300. By now George may well have heard of the death of his brother, which must have broken the celebratory mood for him. December and the first week of January was spent at Athis, and then after parading at 9:55 on 6 January they moved to Hornu. WarDiary
On 23 January 1919 Posted The medal roll shows that George left the battalion on 23 January 1919, exactly three months after he was posted in. It is not quite clear whether he went directly home, or whether his new posting was not recorded in the medal roll as it had no bearing on his qualification for the campaign medals. MedalRoll2
On 21 September 1919 Quarter peal George rang the seventh to a quarter peal of Grandsire Triples rung for evensong at Benhilton on Sunday 21 September 1919. Also taking part was Reginald Brough on the fifth, he is listed on the original roll as a ringer at St Peter’s, South Croydon. RW8
On 9 January 1921 Birth of son Sidney George Rayner was born on 9 January 1921 according to a personal family history website. The birth was registered in the 1st quarter 1921 in the Epsom registration district. FreeBMD13; JeffriesSidneyGeorge
About 4 November 1922 Birth of daughter Gladys J Rayner was born before 30 December 1922, the birth was registered in the 4th quarter 1922 in the Epsom registration district. A peal rung on 4 November 1933 was described as being a birthday compliment to her. FreeBMD14; JeffriesGladysJ; RW14
On 2 November 1930 Touch George rang the third to a touch of 720 Bob Minor (with the tenor also rung behind as a cover) rung for evensong at Benhilton on Sunday 2 November 1930. This seems to have been George’s first reported ringing since 1919. Ringing seems to have become rather sparse at Benhilton, the loss of Sidney Rayner and John Webb probably had some effect, and the bells also seem to become steadily more difficult to ring, having been a somewhat mixed bag that were added from the opening of the church in 1865 to the opening of the ring of eight in 1893. They were rehung in late 1929, and a new band founded. George does not seem to have rejoined immediately, but just over a year after the rehanging he was involved in this touch. RW9; RW10; RW11
On 16 April 1933 Two quarter peals On Easter Day, 16 April 1933, George rang the second to a quarter peal of Grandsire Triples for morning service at Benhilton, and then the sixth for another in the evening. RW12
On 8 October 1933 Quarter peal George rang the fourth to a quarter peal of Grandsire Triples for Harvest Festival evensong at Benhilton, on 8 October 1933. The quarter was conducted by F G Woodiss of Banstead RW13
On 4 November 1933 Peal George rang the second to a peal of Grandsire Triples for the Patronal Festival at Benhilton, on 4 November 1933. The peal was also noted as being rung as a birthday compliment to his daughter, Gladys. RW14
On 1 April 1934 Quarter peal George rang the treble to a quarter peal of Grandsire Triples for evensong at Benhilton, on Easter Day, 1 April 1934. This quarter peal also marked the birth of four children to various members of the local band. G Reed, who rang the second, and his wife had had a son; E Enticknap (on the fifth) and his wife (also a ringer, but not in the quarter peal!), a daughter; H Smerdon (on the sixth) and his wife, a son; and to the Chivertons (G Chiverton was not ringing in the quarter), a daughter. RW15
On 12 September 1934 Quarter peal George rang the fourth to a quarter peal of Grandsire Triples on Wednesday 12 September 1934. This was part of the festivities to mark the granting of a charter to the local council, making it the Borough of Sutton and Cheam, rather than merely an urban district. The local ringers had attempted to ring a peal of surprise, but sadly that came to grief just before the hour mark. After ringing some Stedman, they then embarked on the quarter peal. RW16
On 14 October 1934 Quarter peal George again rang the fourth to a quarter peal of Grandsire Triples on 14 October 1934. RW17
On 31 October 1934 Quarter peal George again rang the fourth to a quarter peal of Grandsire Triples on 31 October 1934. Also ringing, on the treble, was his 13-year-old son, listed in The Ringing World as Sid Rayner. This quarter peal was to mark the dedication of a new altar, the service was taken by the Bishop of Woolwich on All Saints’ Eve (the church of course being dedicated to All Saints). RW18
On 1 November 1934 Quarter peal A repeat of the previous days quarter peal was rung for Sunday service on 1 November 1934. George again rang the fourth and Sid the treble. RW18
On 24 February 1935 Quarter peal George rang the fourth to a quarter peal of Bob Major at Benhilton on Sunday 24 February. RW19
On 3 August 1935 Peal George rang the treble to a peal of Grandsire Triples at Benhilton on Saturday 3 August. Also ringing was Frederick G Woodiss of Banstead. RW20
On 3 August 1935 Peal Sid and George rang the treble and second respectively to a quarter peal of Grandsire Triples at Benhilton on 6 October. RW21
On 6 December 1936 Peal George rang the second to a half-muffled quarter peal of Grandsire Triples at Benhilton on 6 December. This was in memory of the vicar, the Revd S J Clements who had died suddenly during the morning service while reading a lesson. RW22
Before 30 September 1940 Family move It seems that at some point the family moved to the Poole area, which was the family home of George’s wife, Ethel. The move presumably happened before Sid married there in 1940. FreeBMD15; JeffriesGladysJ
Before 30 September 1940 Marriage of son The marriage of Sidney G Rayner and Victoria C D G Price was registered in the Poole registration district in the 3rd quarter 1947.. FreeBMD15; FreeBMD16
Before 30 September 1947 Marriage of daughter The marriage of Gladys J Rayner and Ronald W Price was registered in the Poole registration district in the 3rd quarter 1947. FreeBMD17; FreeBMD18; JeffriesGladysJ
Before 30 September 1952 Death of wife The death of Ethel M Rayner was registered in the Poole registration district in the 3rd quarter 1947. FreeBMD19; JeffriesEthelM
Before 31 December 1952 Death The death of George T Rayner was registered in the Poole registration district in the 4th quarter 1952. FreeBMD20

Sources

FreeBMD

  1. FreeBMD1: Marriages Jun 1880 – Rayner Thomas
  2. FreeBMD2: Marriages Jun 1880 – Miller Rhoda
  3. FreeBMD3: Births Mar 1881 – Rayner George Thomas
  4. FreeBMD4: Births Dec 1882 – Rayner Henry William
  5. FreeBMD5: Births Dec 1884 – Rayner Sidney Frank
  6. FreeBMD6: Marriages Sep 1907 – Rayner Henry William
  7. FreeBMD7: Marriages Sep 1907 – Rayner Henry William
  8. FreeBMD8: Marriages Dec 1914 – Rayner Sydney F
  9. FreeBMD9: Marriages Dec 1914 – West Ethel M
  10. FreeBMD10: Marriages Dec 1916 – Rayner George Thomas
  11. FreeBMD11: Marriages Dec 1916 – Galton Ethel May
  12. FreeBMD12: Deaths Dec 1918 – Rayner Sidney
  13. FreeBMD13: Births Jan 1921 – Rayner Sidney G
  14. FreeBMD14: Births Dec 1922 – Rayner Gladys J
  15. FreeBMD15: Marriages Sep 1940 – Rayner Sidney G
  16. FreeBMD16: Marriages Sep 1940 – Cole Victoria C D G
  17. FreeBMD17: Marriages Sep 1947 – Rayner Gladys J
  18. FreeBMD18: Marriages Sep 1947 – Price Ronald W
  19. FreeBMD19: Deaths Sep 1947 – Rayner Ethel M
  20. FreeBMD20: Deaths Dec 1957 – Rayner George T

Surrey parish registers

  1. SurreyParish1: Marriage of Thomas Raynes[sic] and Rhoda Miller, 7 June 1880, St Nicholas, Godstone. P25/1/51 (subscription required). Surname incorrectly trasncribed, Rayner in GRO registration.

England and Wales christening record transcripts

  1. EWParishTranscript1: Christening Place: Sutton (near Croydon), England George Thomas Rayner, born 12 December 1880, baptised 3 April 1881.
  2. EWParishTranscript2: Christening Place: Sutton (near Croydon), England Henry William Rayner, born 12 30 August 1882, baptised 3 December 1882.

Other family history

  1. JeffriesSidneyGeorge: A Jeffries family history – Sidney George Rayner
  2. JeffriesGladysJ: A Jeffries family history – Gladys J Rayner
  3. JeffriesEthelM: A Jeffries family history – Ethel May Galton

Censuses

  1. Census1881: RG 11/758; Folio: 89; Page: 59; Schedule 325 – Raynor[sic] household, 4 Claremont Terrace, Lind Road, Sutton. (subscription required)
  2. Census1891: RG 12/544; Folio: 87; Page: 22; Schedule: 21 – Raynes[sic] household, 6 Elm Grove, Sutton. (subscription required)
  3. Census1901: RG 13/581 Folio 51 Page 34 Schedule Number 172 – Rayner household, 6 Elm Grove, Sutton.
  4. Census1911: RG 14/2936 and RG 78/101 Registration District 31 Subdistrict 1 Enumeration District 14 Schedule Number 73 – Rayner household, 6 Elm Grove, Sutton.
  5. Census1911-2: RG 14/3009 and RG 78/105 Registration District 32 Subdistrict 2 Enumeration District 14 Schedule Number 161 – Hoskyns-Abrahall (indexed as Abrahall only) household, Rubers Law, West Byfleet.

Bell News

  1. BN1: Volume 24, Issue 1246 (17 Feb 1906), Page 597
  2. BN2: Volume 29, Issue 1475 (9 July 1910), Page 268
  3. BN3: Volume 31, Issue 1600 (30 November 1912), Page 504
  4. BN4: Volume 33, Issue 1670 (4 April 1914), Page 60 (numbered 48)
  5. BN5: Volume 33, Issue 1701 (7 November 1914), Page 388

The Ringing World

  1. RW1: 5 May 1911, p103
  2. RW2: 17 May 1912, p343
  3. RW3: 29 November 1912, p364 (p820 of pdf)
  4. RW4: 28 March 1913, p218-219
  5. RW5: 11 July 1913, p35 (p479 of pdf)
  6. RW6: 11 December 1914, p310 (p746 of pdf)
  7. RW7: 18 December 1914, p322 (p758 of pdf)
  8. RW8: 10 October 1919, p438
  9. RW9: 8 November 1929, p707
  10. RW10: 23 May 1930, p326
  11. RW11: 7 November 1930, p721
  12. RW12: 21 April 1933, p251
  13. RW13: 3 November 1933, p701
  14. RW14: 10 November 1933, p708
  15. RW15: 25 May 1934, p325
  16. RW16: 21 September 1934, p602
  17. RW17: 26 October 1934, p684
  18. RW18: 9 November 1934, p715
  19. RW19: 29 March 1935, p207
  20. RW20: 9 August 1935, p503
  21. RW21: 18 October 1935, p668
  22. RW22: 11 December 1936, p807

Military records

  1. MIC1: WO 372/16/162526 Medal card of Rayner, Sidney F
  2. MIC2: WO 372/16/161989 Medal card of Rayner, George
  3. MedalRoll1: WO 329/1815 Labour Corps other ranks: medal rolls LC/101B91 p9256 page image here
  4. MedalRoll2: WO 329/774 Royal Fusiliers other ranks: medal rolls TP/104B30 p3824 page image here
  5. WarDiary: WO 95/3119/1 7 Battalion Royal Fusiliers, July 1916 – April 1919 (downloaded as part of WO 95/3119 63 (ROYAL NAVAL) DIVISION, 190 INFANTRY BRIGADE
  6. CWGC: Casualty details – Rayner, Sidney Frank No cause of death is shown in the original cemetery registers (via Alan Seymour).
  7. SDGW: Rayner, Sidney Frank (Subscription required) Soldiers Died in the Great War
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One thought on “George Thomas Rayner

  1. Pingback: The Rayner brothers, Sidney Frank (1884-1918†) and George Thomas (1880-1957) | halfmuffled

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